Coordinates: Nigeria lies 1000 North (longitude) and 800 East (latitude)
Area (Total): 923,768 square kilometres
. Water: 13,000 square kilometres
. Land: 910,768 square kilometres
Land Boundaries: Total = 4,047 kilometres
Border Countries: Benin (West, 773 kilometres), Cameroon (East, 1,690 kilometres), Chad (North-East, 87 kilometres), Niger (North, 1,497 kilometres)
Coastline: 853 kilometres
Climate: Generally rainy season (March – August) and dry (harmattan) season (September – February); also equatorial in south, tropical in central area and arid in north
Terrain: Southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north
Elevation Extremes:
. Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean, 0 metres
. Highest Point: Chappal Waddi, 2,419 metres
Natural Resources: Natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land
Arable Land: 36% of land area
Land Use:
. Arable Land: 30.96%
. Permanent Crops: 2.79%
. Other: 66.25% (1998 est.)
Irrigated Land: 2,330 square kilometres (1998 est.)
Natural Hazards: Periodic droughts; flooding
Environment – Current Issues: Soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution – water, air, and soil; serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization
Environment – International Agreements: Party to Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
Main Rivers: The Niger and Benue, which both meet at Lokoja; the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea